Causes of varicose veins of the legs, the symptoms and the characteristics of resolution

The disease can affect all organs, where there are large veins (stomach, esophagus, testes-male), but more often, the varicose veins of the lower limbs. We talk about the causes of the onset of varicose veins of the veins of the legs, his methods of diagnostics and resolution.

Varicose veins is an irreversible varicose because of the irregularity of the operation of the valves involved in the mechanism of circulation of the veins of the lower limbs. During the normal contraction and relaxation of muscles has vigorously promoted on the valve-to-valve, but with the expansion of vienna, the valves are more смыкать and the blood flow slows down, which causes a series of clinical symptoms.

Causes of varicose veins1
Subsequently, the venous walls become more thin and weak, and remain so even after they improve the circulation of blood.

According to the statistics, the symptoms of varicose veins of the veins of the legs today suffers every tenth of a man and a woman on three in the age of 30-40 years. Among the leading countries for prevalence of disease are the developed countries in Europe, where it was diagnosed in 30-40% of the population; less often varicose veins found in Africa and Asia (about 0.1%).

Why is it, risk factors

The exact causes of the development of the disease are not known, but most professionals leans to the theory inherited: the persons in the family, there have been cases of varicose veins, are at risk. Also the factors, causing the development of disease, refer to:

  • sexual and gender identity. Women are varicose veins to a greater extent than men – is due to the growing venous load during pregnancy and childbirth, and also with the intake of hormonal drugs;
  • the bad habits and excess weight. The smoke, the abuse of fatty foods and alcohol have a negative impact on the process of blood circulation in the body, increase the load on the veins and can cause disorders;
  • the conditions of work. The people who, because of his profession, forced to stand or still sit in the time (hairdressers, shop clerks, waiters, employees) are affected by this disease more often than others;
  • the excessive exercise. Another category of people that is exposed to the risk of developing varicose veins – those that are engaged in heavy physical labor, or some weights, water sports (e.g., weight lifting);
  • uncomfortable clothing or shoes. Adherent, сковывающая movement clothes and shoes on high heels also contributes to worsen the flow of venous blood.

Classification

Frequently (in 75-80% of cases), the disease affects the trunk and branches of the great saphenous vein in 5-10% – of the small saphenous vein, and the 7-10% of patients in the process are involved both strands.

The clinical course of varicose veins of the lower limbs, the experts distinguish two forms and four groups.

Form:

  • down – the process extends from top to bottom for a large femoral vienna, starting with his mouth;
  • the newborn – the disease begins with the foot, and cause a breach of the valve unit of the deep veins.

Group:

  • subcutaneous or inside the skin's condition, not burdened by venous rejection;
  • segmental with reflux for perforating and superficial veins;
  • municipality of venous reflux (superficial and perforating veins);
  • the extension with reflux of the deep veins.

According to the degree of venous insufficiency are four main stages varicose veins:

  • 0 – the symptoms of the disease may be present, but is not determined diagnostic methods;
  • For this transitional phase, characterised by swelling, the syndrome of "heavy legs", the emergence of "vascular asterisk;
  • II – the oedema is persistent, appearing in the evening, the change of color of the skin, eczema;
  • III – the presence of venous ulceration, including that do not heal.

The danger and complications

The risk to the health and life of the patient is not in and of itself a disease, and the complications that it causes. These include eating disorders of the skin, which may be formed of the plagues and the face of inflammation, and also what is the most dangerous complication of thrombophlebitis. It leads to an increase of the thrombosis, resulting in the formation of blood clots, broke away from the venous walls can affect the functioning of the internal organs, and in the most difficult cases cause death of the patient.

In addition, advanced blood thinning of the walls are at risk of mechanical damage, which can cause a severe hemorrhage.
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The symptoms

The first symptoms of the disease are heaviness and tiredness in the legs, which usually appear within the evening and decrease in the supine position. Vienna buy cyanotic shadow and stand out on the surface of the skin, appear to be "spider" (web capillaries dilated, translucent through the skin), and the feature is that the design disappears, if the lift the upper limb (for example, put a chair).

By the time the varicose veins becomes more and more pronounced, you receive the kind of small nodules or large conglomerates.

The unpleasant symptoms are amplified, and care about the patients even during the night, appears swelling of soft tissues, often in the area of arrest, of the legs and ankles, as well as the sense of swelling in the legs and cramps in the calf of the leg.

In the absence of a proper treatment of varicose veins progresses, the skin becomes dry, and on it appear the seals and dark spots, and then the plagues. With the development of thrombophlebitis in the veins become bright red, the cable is important and painful-stuffed with palpation.

When it is necessary to consult a doctor?

Many people ignore the early signs of varicose veins, the elimination of the normal fatigue. This greatly complicates treatment of the disease and can lead to more serious consequences, then the physician must contact immediately after the appearance of symptoms of the disease – a constant feeling of tiredness and heaviness in the legs, change the color of the veins and of the skin, edema, "varicose veins", etc.

Often, in order to make clear the picture of the disease patients require the advice of other specialists: therapist, gynecologist, vascular surgeon.

Diagnostics

The diagnosis of "varicose veins of the lower limbs," placed after a complete examination, which includes:

  • blood count – the number of red blood cells, platelets, white blood cells and the hemoglobin level can judge on the violations clotting of blood and the presence of inflammation;
  • the ultrasound is the most effective way to identify the affected blood vessels and textures of the veins;
  • rheovasography is done to determine the insufficiency of the power of the tissues to the blood , whereby it is possible to determine the stage of the disease;
  • phlebography, in the course of which vienna is injected with a contrast medium, after which with the help of x-ray equipment is evaluated the state of the venous system;
  • physiological tests give the possibility to judge the operation of the valve unit of the superficial veins.

Treatment

In the initial stages of varicose veins with it it is possible to fight the conservative methods: intake of drugs, the use of ointments and gels, the wearing of underwear of compression, moderate exercise. For the correction of cosmetic defects in patients can be recommended invasive surgery or laser treatment.

In more advanced cases, the varicose veins, it is possible to delete only through a surgical intervention, and his view of the individual in each case.
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Predictions and prevention measures

As varicose veins is an irreversible process, full healing in this case it is not necessary to speak. But during timely diagnosis, adequate treatment and prevention, patients can completely eliminate the unpleasant symptoms and lead a fulfilling life.

In a number of measures of prevention of varicose veins are a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition and to give up bad habits. The people who are forced to his professional activity in the course of time to be in the same position, it is recommended to avoid the intersection of the arts, from time to time to perform simple exercises, bend and extend the leg and do a light massage to improve circulation.

In the free time as often as possible to make walks in the open air and practice a moderate physical activity.

Women who follow the fashion, or desktop code of clothing and constantly walking with shoes with heels, it is advisable to change their most comfortable shoes.

The same applies to the discomfort of clothing, because also astringent to provide linens for the home can be the cause of circulatory disorders and the appearance of varicose veins on the legs of women.

Varicose veins of the lower limbs is now widely considered to be a common disease, which often do not give much importance.

It is very important to remember that such disregard for the health of the foot can cost you a person, not just the disability, but also of life, while in the initial stages of varicose veins successful quite likely to fix the most simple methods.

20.03.2018