Types of varicose veins

There are different types of varicose veins, but in daily life, this disease is usually understood as varicose veins of the lower limbs.

Varicose veins are the pathology of venous blood vessels, which can not only form on leg veins, but also on other organs, such as under the skin and internal organs.

Not all variants of this disease have been studied by medical researchers. In some cases, because of the lack of symptoms of the disease, a reliable diagnosis cannot be made.

According to the degree of disease progression, all varicose veins can be divided into three main stages:

  • compensation;
  • Sub compensation;
  • Decompensation.

Each stage of the disease has its own symptoms.

What are varicose veins and their effects? There are many types of this pathology. Can affect certain organs of the human body and parts of the vascular bed

Researchers have reliably determined the following types of varicose veins:

  1. Varicose veins in the small pelvis.
  2. Pathology of esophageal veins.
  3. Disorders of venous circulation in the uterine vascular system.
  4. Diseases of the venous circulatory system of the lower limbs.

Each of the above varicose veins affects specific areas of the venous part of the circulatory system

Varicose veins of the small pelvis

The symptoms of this disease are similar to those of gynecological diseases in many ways. This similarity of symptoms makes it difficult to diagnose, identify the pathology and make an accurate diagnosis.

The main symptoms of this disease are lower abdomen pain and discomfort. When pressure is exerted on the body or a person is under pressure, it will increase the feeling of discomfort.

In addition to these symptoms, patients may experience problems with urination and pain during or immediately after intercourse.

Women with this disease have irregular menstruation and infertility.

Use various types of patient physical examinations for accurate diagnosis. The check uses the following method:

  • Ultrasound examination;
  • Doppler imaging;
  • Laparoscopy.

The reasons for this type of disease are:

  1. Overweight.
  2. has bad habits.
  3. Fluid dynamics.
  4. Pregnant.
  5. Occurrence of uterine compression of the pelvic vein.
  6. There is a genetic predisposition.
  7. Use certain medicines during treatment.

The main tasks of medical intervention for pelvic varicose veins are:

  • Regulate venous blood vessels;
  • Increase the elasticity of blood vessel walls;
  • Prevent stagnation of the vascular bed in the pelvic area.

The main assistant for treating this type of varicose veins is compression underwear. In addition, it is recommended to perform a series of special exercises and take special drugs to help normalize blood flow in the small pelvis and normalize hormones in the body.

In the initial stages of pathological development, alternative methods and drug treatments can be used to normalize the disease.

One of the most popular traditional medicine methods is to use:

  1. Decimal based on wild chestnut fruit.
  2. Products based on dandelion soup and infusion. Calendula and birch mushrooms.

In addition, carrots are recommended to prevent vascular diseases. It is recommended that this root vegetable can be eaten raw or in the form of carrot juice.

The main types of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins in the legs are characterized by changes in the veins. These changes include blood vessel dilation and increase in length. As the length increases, the veins and blood vessels will form tangles and folds

There are several types of varicose veins in the blood vessels of the lower extremities-primary, secondary, reticular and internal.

The main form of venous bed expansion is a pathology that affects the lower limbs. Without treatment, it will lead to the formation of trophic ulcers, which cannot be cured for a long time.

The minor form is the result of venous thrombosis or the development of other vascular diseases. The minor form of varicose veins is also called post-thrombotic disease. This disease is progressive and causes the appearance of venous stasis, which most often develops in the feet and calves.

Varicose reticularis is a pathological form that affects the smallest superficial veins. In most cases, this disease develops on the side of the lower limbs. During the development of this type of varicose veins, the formation of edema on the legs is observed, which leads to the appearance of severity. Most often, the disease begins to manifest and spider veins begin to form.

The causes of varicose veins on the legs are as follows:

  • a sedentary lifestyle;
  • Smoking addiction;
  • Wearing uncomfortable shoes;
  • Obesity;
  • pregnancy;
  • High exercise volume of the limbs;
  • are over 45 years old;
  • Various diseases of the blood circulation process.

The reason for the formation of reticular varicose veins is:

  1. Hormonal changes in the body.
  2. Overworked legs.

Use a variety of diagnostic methods and instrumental examination of the patient's body to identify the disease and make an accurate diagnosis.

In most cases, doctors use the following methods for examination:

  • Ultrasound examination of the veins of the lower extremities;
  • Contrast venography.

Without proper treatment, serious complications can occur, such as thrombophlebitis, venous bleeding, and tissue hypoxia-hypoxia.

Esophageal varices

This form of varicose veins is congenital, but in some cases, it can develop as a response to pathological changes in the portal vein. This pathological change occurs most often due to the development of liver disease, the onset of heart failure and the disorder of the blood supply to the spleen.

This disease has almost no symptoms for a long time. The main signs of this pathology are increased abdominal volume and swelling of blood vessels in the navel vein. Sudden weight loss. Frequent gas, signs of jaundice, and chest burning sensation.

In the late stages of pathological disease progression, life-threatening complications may occur, such as esophageal vein rupture and internal bleeding.

If adequate medical services are not provided to such patients in a timely manner, the progression of this disease usually leads to death.

The choice of medical type depends on the stage of pathological disease progression and the individual characteristics of the organism.

When venous lesions are detected, medical or surgical treatment will be used. The choice of treatment method is selected by the attending doctor according to the patient's physical characteristics and examination results.

Uterine varicose veins

The pathological characteristic symptoms are largely consistent with the developmental symptoms of gynecological diseases. This greatly increases the diagnosis and determination of the true cause of the onset of unpleasant symptoms.

The main symptoms of this disease are abdominal pain that radiates to the waist area and bones. Usually, in the case of illness, pain will be felt during and just after sexual intercourse, and the pain will increase after physical exertion increases.

Signs of the development of uterine varicose veins may be a serious course of premenstrual syndrome.

The main cause of the onset of the disease is hormonal imbalance (the male hormone progesterone in the body), the use of hormonal contraceptives as contraceptives, frequent miscarriages, the development of inflammatory processes, and the function of the ovarian veins. The existence of genetic susceptibility has a certain impact on the development of the disease.

When a disease is detected, determine its degree of development and formulate a treatment plan based on the results of the examination. Depending on the stage of development, various methods can be used, the main purpose of which is to normalize the venous circulation and strengthen the venous vessel wall.

29.01.2021