The most effective treatment for varicose veins of the lower extremities
The treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be surgically treated according to the degree of conservative, depending on the degree of neglect of pathology. In addition, the treatment of the disease should be comprehensive.
This may include:
- Use of drugs;
- Wearing compression socks;
- Stick to diet and maintain a normal weight;
- Observe the work and rest system;
- Eliminates the heavy burden and prolongs the staying time of the legs;
- Surgical treatment.
Conservative treatment of varicose veins of lower limbs
In the early stage, varicose veins of the extremities can be treated conservatively. At the onset of the disease, massage therapy can be used to normalize blood circulation in the legs. But only professionals can perform it, otherwise the harm from it outweighs the benefit.
Wearing compression underwear can prevent pathological progression. If not, you can wrap your legs with an elastic bandage.
At-home treatment can be done with medications prescribed by a doctor. It can be a complex of blood thinners, analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins and minerals. Special ointment can relieve fatigue, strengthen blood vessel walls, reduce the risk of thrombosis, normalize the function of venous valves, and promote the healing of trophic ulcers.
It is important to adjust your daily work. Not recommended for people with varicose veins
- Sitting or standing for a long time;
- Enjoy sunbathing;
- Visit the bathroom and sauna;
- Participate in team sports;
- Excessive physical exercise;
- Wearing a corset and tight underwear;
- Use oral contraceptives;
- Eat salty, spicy, fried foods, and caffeinated beverages;
- Overeating and weight gain.
Useful for them:
- Long walks, including climbing stairs, it is recommended to walk three kilometers a day.
- Sports activities, such as swimming, skiing, cycling (combined with compression socks).
- A plant-based diet rich in ascorbic acid, it is recommended to add fermented milk products and seafood to the menu.
- Contrast foot shower.
Representatives of "permanent" occupations must roll 15 times from heel to toe every half an hour. If possible during the day, rest in a horizontal position for 15 minutes every 3 hours, with your legs slightly elevated.
Those who sit all day should keep their legs straight, that is, with their knees bent, and place them on a hill. They should also stand up and walk for 5 minutes every 30 minutes.
Sleep at night, watch programs during the day, and watch the news during the day. It is best to raise your lower limbs by 15-20 cm. It is best to rest in a country with a mild climate, but vacationing in the tropics will not be beneficial.
In addition, alternative methods of treating varicose veins can be used. Use chamomile, St. John's wort, celandine, and oak bark to increase blood vessel tone and normalize blood circulation. The syrup taken internally helps to thin the blood and promote blood circulation.
These can be:
- Hawthorn flowers and fruits;
- Hop cone;
- Yellow sweet clover;
- The roots of licorice and angelica.
Compressing with agave juice, honey, sea buckthorn and olive oil can promote the healing of trophic ulcers.
Although there are conservative treatments, surgical treatment is still the most effective method. Modern surgery can not only eliminate the clinical symptoms of the disease, but also prevent the risk of various complications.
There are several types of surgical techniques that can help overcome pathological problems.
Vein combined phlebectomy
Combined vein enucleation has been used to treat varicose veins for more than a century. The essence of the operation is as follows: the diseased vein is ligated and removed.
According to the pathological shape, an incision is made at the level of the groin or the pop cap, and then the central vein is cut at the position where it flows into the deep vein, and then it is completely removed.
Intravenous laser covering of lower limbs
The purpose of laser treatment is to "glue" damaged veins without further removal, as it will dissolve on its own over time. Under the control of the condition of the diseased vein and the blood flow in it, surgical intervention is performed in a specially equipped operating room.
compared the effectiveness of this method with combined venectomy. Since it does not provide skin incisions and all operations are performed through small holes, the time after repair is very short and there are almost no complications. After the operation, the patient has to stay in the medical facility for up to 24 hours before being discharged from the hospital. The procedure itself can be performed using various types of anesthesia. Sometimes only a local anesthetic is sufficient. After the operation is completed, the patient will not feel pain and does not need analgesics.
After the operation, you will have to wear compression stockings and monitor blood flow with the help of USDG.
Radiofrequency vein occlusion
Another method of vein extraction is radiofrequency vein occlusion. Under the influence of radio waves, the damaged veins become hot and stick together, then thicken and dissolve. This is also a low-traumatic intervention that can be performed without the use of general anesthesia and placing the patient in a hospital. After the operation, he will be able to start living his usual lifestyle immediately.
The essence of this method is to inject a special substance into the damaged vein, the substance glues its wall, and then is absorbed in the body. This treatment is not as effective as laser or radio wave treatment, but it is not inferior to classic vein enucleation.
The hardening substance is injected into the vein through a puncture, and then a compression suit is worn. It is recommended that the patient walk for an hour. Since the drug is injected directly into the vein, the adjacent tissues will not be damaged, and complications will rarely occur after sclerotherapy.
Currently, there are many ways to treat varicose veins, and the earlier the treatment starts, the better the effect. Therefore, at the first signs of illness, you should not postpone your visit.