Varicose veins

Causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins

Varicose veins is a pathological process of the human body, which is manifested as the weakness of the veins (the diameter of the lumen increases, the wall becomes thinner, and the formation of "nodules"-aneurysmal local enlargement.

Stages of varicose veins

In modern medicine, it is customary to distinguish the four stages of the disease:

  • 1 Initial stage:Mainly manifested as the presence of subcutaneous (vascular network) and intradermal varicose veins; segmental varicose veins can be observed; when the varicose veins are 1 degree, completeNo pathological hemodynamic abnormalities;
  • Stage 2:In this stage, there are segmental varicose veins related to the small saphenous vein. Grade 2 disease is accompanied by reduced perforator and valve function;
  • Stage 3:The stage of large venous disease on the background of hemodynamic disorder;
  • Stage 4:The nature of this disease corresponds to the third stage of pathological development in men or women, but there are deep vein lesions.

Causes of varicose veins

The main causes of varicose veins in limbs or other parts of the body are lifestyle and genetics. In the latter case, a person’s blood vessel walls are weak at birth and tend to stretch under load (lumen expansion), allowing fluid to pass through itself (causing swelling).

Obesity can promote the development of pathology. Excessive weight is the reason for the continuous application of excessive pressure on the vein wall, which often causes the blood vessel to deform. The onset of the disease is caused by hormonal changes related to the reduction of the wall sound (for example, taking birth control pills during pregnancy).

The development of this disease can lead to increased intra-abdominal pressure, which is observed in people with persistent cough, prostate adenoma, and chronic constipation. This is dangerous because too much pressure on the container causes the blood vessels to dilate. The result is hemorrhoids, varicose veins on the legs, and varicocele.

A person’s age is also one of the possible reasons for the onset of the disease. During the service of the human body, the blood vessels lose their elasticity and may not be able to withstand the pressure. The development of the disease is often observed in patients with deep vein thrombosis. Those who may cause or cause congenital venous structural abnormalities and cause chronic intravenous pressure increases (such as arteriovenous fistulas) are at risk.

Symptoms of varicose veins

In the early stages, the disease can continue to develop without any symptoms. At this time, the appearance of blood vessels on the skin surface will not cause any inconvenience (maybe only cosmetics).

Over time, people began to notice swelling, heaviness and fatigue in the legs. Next is a period during which the veins begin to feel good and protrude above the surface of the skin. Under the latter, incurable diseases appeared.

Violation of the concept of nutrition can cause hyperpigmentation, cracking, dry skin, eczema, varicose dermatitis, and ulcers. When severe circulatory diseases occur, convulsions may occur, and trophic ulcers appear on the body, which are difficult to treat.

Generally, swelling of the legs is usually caused by varicose veins, which become thicker over time, and the appearance and feel become bumpy.

Diagnosis of varicose veins

This disease is easy to diagnose in the limbs, especially in the later stage, when there are obvious changes in the skin surface. Today, through triple angiography, Doppler ultrasound and ultrasound, early diagnosis and diagnosis with internal venous pathology can be performed. Based on their results, the doctor judges the degree of the disease and prescribes a treatment plan.

The most complete result can be obtained by evaluating the blood vessel scan of all veins in the body. This method is used in 95% to 98% of all cases of the disease, some diseases have recurred, and radioisotope scanning is also used.

Treatment of varicose veins

Treatment includes a comprehensive approach to treat the disease:

  • Requires the use of vascular protective agents and blood eliminators (to strengthen the blood vessel wall, protect the blood vessel wall from damage, and increase its elasticity);
  • In addition to medication, physical therapy is prescribed for patients to stimulate blood flow in the veins and help prevent blood stagnation;
  • It is recommended to wear special compression stockings (to help push the blood along the vascular bed);
  • The procedure includes the treatment of venous sclerosis;
  • Use
  • surgical method;
  • It is recommended to use
  • folk methods to correct varicose veins.
  • Perform massage and air pressure therapy.

The comprehensive approach to combat varicose veins allows you to exert the necessary influence on the pathogenesis and disease symptoms. As a result, the patient's condition is significantly improved, and the disease can be completely eliminated. Surgical techniques can be used in stages that are not suitable for treatment or other reserved treatments-at the discretion of the phlebologist.

Treatment of varicose veins in pregnant and lactating women

Varicose veins in pregnant women during pregnancy and while feeding babies do not always indicate disease. Varicose vein therapists decide whether to treat them, and mandatory consultation with them is required during such a lifetime.

If emergency measures are needed, the best treatment for breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women is to wear tight stockings, be active or wrap them with elastic bandages.

The lactation period is characterized by increased venous load, so you should not expect that the treatments taken during this period will have a great effect. It is best to take intensive measures after breastfeeding, and necessary surgery.

Sclerotherapy is now the first choice for many patients, but it is also ineffective for pregnant and breastfeeding women. It is best to interrupt the process before continuing.

Surgical operation

As the most effective treatment method, only after a doctor performs a special examination can it be determined whether surgery is required. Usually, the decision is made based on the advanced form of the disease: for example, if the legs are covered with raised veins, similar to a thick rope with knots.

In most cases, the damaged area of superficial veins will be removed during the operation; deep vessels have never been operated on. The blood passing through the removed vein stops flowing and is compensated by the blood vessels located deep. According to experts, blood circulation will not be disturbed, but will be improved.

Nowadays, minimally invasive techniques are used in venous surgery to minimize the harm to the human body. One of them is short stripping, which requires a thorough examination of the blood vessels and removal of only those parts affected by varicose veins.

The leading clinic uses cryophlebectomy, which uses intravascular coagulation to treat diseases with laser. The first operation involves inserting the cryoprobe into the vein through an incision in the groin and removing the cryocontainer at the same time as the cryocontainer is removed. The second step is to introduce laser light-emitting diodes into the vein and apply laser radiation on the blood vessel wall. The result is immediately disappeared. The process itself is within a few minutes, and the patient suffers minimal trauma.

Varicose Vein Cream

The comprehensive treatment of varicose veins allows you to fight the disease most effectively. For this, pills, ointments, injections, gels and creams are used.

Special treatment creams for varicose veins are used in the course; their duration is individually determined by the phlebologist. These remedies for varicose veins are only used 3 times a day at night or a day (if available). After two weeks of use, the veins on the legs have become smaller, the "stars" on the blood vessels have almost disappeared, and the skin has become more tidy and beautiful.

Varicose vein compression panties

Wearing compression stockings is one of the measures to help fight disease. The principle of its positive effect on the body is to produce different intensities of pressure on different parts of the limbs.

Apply maximum compression to the sock above the ankle (for underwear types, it may be 100%), which helps make the blood rise easier. The higher the pressure, the lower the pressure; the greater the pressure, the lower the pressure. Its difference helps to move stagnant blood and helps eliminate or alleviate the symptoms of disease.

Compression panties are made of elastic materials: Lycra, cotton, microfiber, nylon. It has an aesthetic appearance with no visible seams. The clothes are breathable, pleasant to caress the skin, and hypoallergenic. The shelf life of the product’s medical properties is up to six months.

Traditional medicine for varicose veins

For a long time, this unpleasant disease has been treated with folk remedies. In this case, the affected body part has an aesthetic appearance, so that the veins are strengthened, thereby precluding future manifestations of the disease.

Usually, folk remedies are used together with medicine to remove varicose veins. Here are some suggestions for using natural forces in the fight against this disease:

  • Herbs: Grind wormwood flowers and leaves (you can use a blender); mix the resulting slurry with yogurt in a ratio of 1: 1; apply the mixture wrapped in gauze to the skinLumps and "spider webs";
  • Red tomatoes can be used for home remedies-cut the red tomatoes into thin slices and place them on the problematic area of the skin; fix them with a bandage for 3 to 4 hours.
  • Tomato juice-from effective helpers against varicose veins; they drink at least one cup a day:
  • Helps to reduce the heaviness of the legs. When taking a teaspoon of nutmeg powder on an empty stomach every morning, you will feel pain.

Prevent varicose veins

Disease is easier to prevent than treatment. You need to keep this in mind and follow these tips:

  • Shoes should not wear high heels (over 5 to 6 cm); they should bring you comfort and convenience;
  • Move more; don’t take the elevator-it’s better to walk to the floor;
  • Always perform simple exercises: move your feet in different directions; alternately raise your toes and lower your heels;
  • If possible, swim, bike, and jog more;
  • Don't pass, keep your weight;
  • Prevention of varicose veins includes the need to quit smoking;
  • Frequently massage the feet with fingers and palms;

Contraindications when sick: weight lifting, weight lifting (for example, lifting luggage to the floor).

03.03.2021