Why do women have varicose veins most often?

The prevalence of diseases such as varicose veins in women reaches 25%. This is a disease with enlarged veins without a tendency to recover. The disease mainly affects the lower part of the trunk.

Causes of varicose veins in women

From a cosmetic point of view, the onset of this disease is based on fairness considerations, but this is not the biggest problem that varicose veins can cause.

The stagnation of blood can lead to thrombosis and destroy tissue nutrition as ulcers and gangrene develop. Complications such as thromboembolism may also occur.

the reason

In women, varicose veins are also more common because they have the following possible conditions:

  1. pregnancy;
  2. Taking birth control pills;
  3. High heels.

However, there are common reasons that lead to the development of this disease:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Spend most of the time on the feet;
  • High physical activity
  • hormone imbalance.

When measures taken will help slow the further development of the disease, it is necessary to determine the development of the disease in its initial stage.

Pelvic varicose veins

Most commonly, in women with varicose veins, the legs are affected, but genital varicose veins can also occur in some cases. This situation not only causes pain and heaviness in the perineal organs, but also greatly affects women's private lives.

Weak venous valves, obesity, and excessive tension in the area can cause this problem, but this usually occurs during pregnancy, and the fetus then worsens the condition.

Varicose veins of the labia are clinically manifested in various forms, which are caused by the overflow of blood, lumps, lymph nodes or umbilical cord veins.

In the affected area, there will be pain, tension, and swelling. Usually, all of these may be accompanied by urination violations.

The weak and dilated wall can rupture at any time, which is usually the case with this pathology of childbirth and causes bleeding.

Varicose veins in the reproductive organs can also affect other parts of the pelvic organs-the uterus and vagina. Due to the large release of progesterone, the blood volume will increase, the fluid will be retained in the woman's body and at the same time the mobility of the blood vessel wall will be reduced, so this condition is usually caused during pregnancy.

For these reasons, varicose veins in the uterus and vagina may develop during pregnancy. It must be said that vaginal varicose veins usually disappear after childbirth, but in the decompensated stage of the pathological process, it may last until later, causing serious, nervous and obvious discomfort.

Varicose veins of the uterus

Dilation and congestion of the uterine veins is an abnormal condition that is difficult to diagnose. The disease most commonly occurs in women of childbearing age, but occasionally occurs in adolescence. This pathological condition rarely occurs alone. In most cases, there will be weakness in the venous system of the legs and other organs in the perineal area.

Varicose veins in the uterus are usually caused by:

  1. Frequent and hard labor.
  2. Structural features of congenital veins.
  3. Take hormonal contraceptives.
  4. Hormonal destruction.
  5. Frequent inflammatory process.
  6. Mandatory heavy cargo handling.

When the uterus has varicose veins, there is often local pain in the lower abdomen. Intimate life is also affected by this-during sex or after a period of time, you will feel discomfort or heaviness, and in more severe cases you will feel severe pain. Menstruation becomes longer, there is no obvious bleeding, and there is very little discharge.

Diagnostic procedure

Such performance is not specific, and therefore, correct diagnosis becomes difficult. Uterine varicose veins can only be suspected by experienced experts during the examination.

In order to clarify this disease, they usually use research methods such as intravaginal ultrasound and X-ray examinations using contrast agents.

Venography not only helps to prove the existence of the disease, but also helps to determine the stage of development of the disease. This information is very important for determining further treatment strategies.

Methods of treating varicose veins in women

treatment

Uterine varicose veins are rare, but it is a very serious disease. In addition, all diseases will aggravate the condition when taking a child. Therefore, it is recommended to plan pregnancy in advance, because many therapies for varicose veins cannot be used to avoid harm to the baby.

However, if you do not take any treatment at all, then complications may appear in the form of placental insufficiency, thrombophlebitis and ovarian vein thrombosis.

The treatment of this pathology should be treated by a phlebologist, and during pregnancy, women can only appoint a vascular doctor after consulting a gynecologist.

You should be prepared for the fact that this treatment can be extended, which will require a lot of patience and discipline under the guidance of a doctor.

Conservative treatment is recommended during pregnancy:

  • Combine work and rest;
  • Limit physical stress and stress;
  • Weightlifting is completely prohibited;
  • Reasonable nutrition with a lot of fiber and vitamins;
  • Intestinal regulation (prevention of constipation);
  • Quit smoking and drinking;
  • Take regular walks
  • If possible, raise your legs during the day and maintain a level posture;
  • Use a contrast shower in the perineum area;
  • Wear compression underwear, it is best to choose alone.

Medications are only needed after childbirth or in extreme cases during pregnancy. To improve the condition, it is usually recommended to take pills. You can use horse chestnut products. They are natural, but they are only helpful for mild and moderate diseases.

In cases where conservative treatments are ineffective, surgical methods are used. In extremely difficult situations, vascular resection or even removal of the uterus is used.

Laser therapy is a modern way to get rid of this pathology. For varicose veins of any severity, it is recommended to refuse to take birth control pills with hormones.

21.03.2021