What do varicose veins on the legs look like?
Varicose veins is a very insidious disease, because the first signs of its development are usually not noticed. Usually, due to hard work, patients will feel tired and heavy in their legs.
In many cases this is true, but this is not a reason not to monitor the vascular status of the lower extremities. Therefore, we will further discuss what this disease is, and also consider the type and extent of varicose veins in the photo.
Varicose veins-pathological features
Varicose veins in the legs are not only a cosmetic problem that makes people worry about their appearance, but also a very dangerous pathology that requires adequate and timely treatment and compliance with preventive measures.
refer to.Women suffer from varicose veins several times more frequently than men.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities-A disease characterized by the occurrence of varicose veins. In addition, there are violations of blood outflow, leading to stagnation of the circulatory system.
In order to understand what varicose veins are (see picture), you should consider how it happened. . .
The veins on the legs haveSpecial valve. . . they executeThe blood only passes in one direction (upward), and it is not allowed to stagnate.
The malfunction of these valves can lead to the following facts:The blood has the opportunity to move in the opposite direction (downward), preventing it from flowing out.
As a result, blood vessels lose their normal elasticity and begin to expand and deform under the pressure of blood. All of these will lead to the development of the initial stage of the disease.
refer to.The symptoms of this disease can appear in various parts of the lower extremities, especially the thighs, under the knees, and calves; varicose veins on the feet are also very common (photo below).
There are many factors that can trigger the development of this pathology:It starts with a sedentary lifestyle, body overload, bad habits, and ends with genetic predispositions, hormonal disorders, and congenital weaknesses in the blood vessel walls.
Many people do not realize the seriousness of the problem and are not eager to see a specialist, but start self-medication.
However, this is not an option, because vascular drugs alone are harmful to health. In addition, they cannot solve the problem alone. A competent and comprehensive approach is needed here.
After determining the characteristics of pathological development, we will further consider the appearance of varicose veins in the legs according to the type of development.
Type of disease
The structure of the venous system is very complex, including large, medium, small, reticular blood vessels, and capillaries.
The deformation of the veins of the lower extremities can be manifested in all parts of the system and in certain areas.
According to the changes in blood vessels, disassemble the following types of varicose veins in the legs (below):
- Trunk (in the basin of the saphenous vein or saphenous vein).
Due to the particularity of the pathological process, each type of varicose veins of the lower extremities needs to be considered in detail (with photos).
The characteristics of this disease areDamage to the reticular vein, Its diameter does not exceed 2 mm. These containers are blue or green and are usually intertwined in the form of nets, threads, and stars. They are located directly under the skin.
This phenomenon most often occurs on the side of the thigh, which is a blue mesh.
It is not dangerous because it does not cause serious complications. . . In addition, no pain or discomfort was observed.
The only inconvenience isUgly long legs,Therefore, female representatives suffer greatly.
refer to.Cosmetic varicose veins is the unofficial name for this pathological form.
In order to eliminate medical cosmetic defects, methods such as venuleectomy, foam sclerotherapy, and laser sclerotherapy are used.
Is happeningOne or more catheter veins with a diameter of 3 mm or more failed.
inNo pathological blood flow in the opposite direction (reflux)In the saphenous vein system, Including through perforated blood vessels.
refer to. . . The segmental form of the disease is usually observed in its early stages.
Treatment usually involves non-surgical methods.For example, sclerotherapy. In order to solve this problem, it is usually necessary to perform several such treatments, using pressure underwear every day for one month.
An alternative to this treatment may be the use of local anesthesia for segmental surgery in an outpatient setting.
NoticedDamage to the major and minor saphenous veins and valve insufficiency, The result is that the catheter vein dilates.
The occurrence of obvious stem regurgitation was also noted.
It is the main mechanism and diagnostic criteria for the dynamic development of such diseases.
The treatment of varicose veins in the legs (pictures provided in this section) includes the use of minimally invasive techniques.
This therapy is particularly relevant for uncomplicated and unreleased pathological forms. Therefore, the sooner a patient seeks help from a specialist, the more effective the treatment will be.
refer to.Trunk lesions with small vein lesions are not common, while large vein lesions are more common.
Perforating vein-An important part of the blood supply vascular system of the lower limbs of the human body.
refer to. . . the perforating vein connects the deep and superficial blood vessels.
It was the failure of these ships that occurred in this situation.
Valve insufficiency and backflow of blood into the saphenous vein are observed, so they expand.
Due to the extensive damage to blood vessels and their significant size, an effective treatment is surgery.
But if 1-3 perforators are damaged, minimally invasive techniques can be used.
The degree of varicose veins in the legs
The world community of scientists has systematized the manifestations of varicose veins in the lower extremities.
refer to. . . This classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathology).
According to the compiled classification, the disease has 7 degrees (stages):
- zero-A condition in which a person feels heaviness, edema, or twitching in the legs, but does not show up visually. During the special inspection, no deviation was determined;
- 1 degree varicose veins (see picture below)-Spider veins appear and the same symptoms as the previous one are observed;
- second-Protruding veins or blue nodules become obvious and may increase due to excessive physical exertion or staying in one position for a long time;
- third-All the above signs are accompanied by regular puffiness, which is especially noticeable at night. It can disappear in the morning, but it will reappear at night;
- fourth-Due to insufficient nutrition, the nutritional process begins in the vascular system. Around the veins, the skin turns brown or black. Skin inflammation may occur: from slight redness to extensive tears;
- fifth-All symptoms of degree 4 plus obvious long-term nutritional ulcers;
- sixth-Active, non-healing trophic ulcer.
Such diseases should be treated immediately, the sooner the better. Not only is the final stage of varicose veins dangerous, but it can also cause serious complications that can lead to death.
In addition, the photos of the first phase of varicose veins looked normal, but the subsequent photos were shocked.
The information and pictures of varicose veins should make you think about the fact that you should pay attention to your health and lead a correct lifestyle. The preventive measure in this situation is an opportunity to avoid this disease.
If the veins are damaged due to the anatomical features of the body, then you should start treatment immediately.