The Ultimate Guide to Varicose Veins: From Symptoms to Treatment

Female legs without signs of varicose veins

There is an undeclared war going on in the world.

Fight varicose veins. It has had varying degrees of success.

It is impossible to accurately count the number of people with varicose veins. But studies show that more than 30 percent of women and nearly 20 percent of men have this vascular disease.

Maybe you are one of them. You might not even know it.

What are varicose veins and why are they dangerous?

Varicose veins- Swelling of the veins in the legs, which occurs when the valves in the veins weaken and blood circulation is disturbed. Here's the thing.

Healthy blood vessels pump blood from the legs to the heart due to the work of special valves that do not allow blood to flow to the feet under the influence of gravity. But sometimes the valve comes loose. Therefore, part of the blood remains in the veins and increases venous pressure. The walls of the veins are dilated and damaged.

An enlarged blood vessel pumps blood worse, which is why it stalls. So over time, there are more and more veins. The legs of people with varicose veins sometimes look like they are wrapped by a tourniquet under the skin.

Varicose veins are not just an embarrassment due to the unsightly appearance of the legs, they are a much more serious problem. It comes with many unpleasant symptoms and dangerous complications. We will discuss them in detail later.

First, let's figure out how to recognize disease, because to win, you need to understand your enemy visually.

How to recognize varicose veins - 5 main symptoms of the disease

Varicose veins show characteristic signs. They occur in the initial stages of the disease and gradually appear more and more. Here is their list:

  1. Tired legs at the end of the day. Yes, fatigue after work is not uncommon. But if it doesn't pass after a break, it's a warning sign.
  2. twitch. Leg cramps do not always indicate a blood vessel problem. If they happen rarely and don't bother you, then you don't need to run to the doctor. But twitches that recur regularly and cause pain are one reason to consult a phlebologist.
  3. Leg edema. A swollen foot looks scary and painless. Edema doesn't always indicate a problem with the blood vessels, but it often occurs in varicose veins. For example, when they appear at the same time as other signs of varicose veins.
  4. skin color change. With vascular disease, blood circulation is disturbed, so certain areas of the skin on the legs lighten or darken. This problem cannot be solved with a simple ointment.
  5. Vascular spider web. This cosmetic defect is not the same as varicose veins. When blood spills, a pattern of blue, purple, or red blood vessels appears on the skin. If the blood comes from an enlarged vein, the problem is related to varicose veins.

Watch for symptoms of varicose veins. Many people don't get treatment for the disease because they don't know all of its symptoms.

They thought: "It's just that your legs are tired after get off work, and that's okay. The edema doesn't hurt, so you don't have to worry. "

You need to worry. The sooner you spot symptoms of the disease and consult your doctor, the easier it will be to treat. Vigilant citizens will receive a gift - cure varicose veins without surgery and frequent visits to a phlebologist.

We don't just say this to make your life easier. Prompt treatment will protect you from fatal danger.

Doctor examining leg varicose veins

A ticking varicose vein "bomb" timer

Although the symptoms of varicose veins are unpleasant, they rarely cause serious concern. It's not uncommon for people to endure signs of illness for years without seeing a doctor.

Does that mean it can't be treated?

Sorry no. Varicose veins continue to develop. The disease develops at different rates, depending on the characteristics of the organism. However, the result is always the same - without treatment, the condition of the blood vessels inevitably deteriorates.

That's its threat.

First, the symptoms of the disease appear more frequently. If the swellings only bothered you a few times a week at first, now they will torment you constantly. This also applies to cramps, fatigue, and other symptoms.

Second, varicose veins disrupt the nutrition of the tissue near the diseased vein. Because of this, non-healing wounds - trophic ulcers - appear. They don't go away on their own and can lead to gangrene if left untreated.

Third, blood clots can form in blood vessels due to impaired blood circulation. They are called blood clots. They block the veins and make blood flow more complicated. Sometimes blood clots can rupture and "walk" through the circulatory system, even into the lungs, heart and brain. If they cut the blood vessels there, it could lead to death.

As you can see, varicose veins are not dangerous at first, but are like a bomb on a timer. If the disease is not "neutralized, " the patient is risking his life.

According to statistics, 95% of patients with varicose veins will develop nutritional ulcers and thrombosis.

We strongly recommend making an appointment with a phlebologist as soon as you notice signs of disease. To prepare for what they might be, read about what causes blood vessel problems.

Who gets the "black label" for varicose veins

There are no common factors that cause varicose veins. People with the following symptoms are at risk:

  • genetic. If a family member has vascular problems, chances are you will have vascular problems too. Nothing can be done about it. If you have congenital venous valve weakness, monitor your veins.
  • Injuries and Surgery. If you damage the veins in an accident, or if the surgeon hits them during surgery, they are more likely to dilate. Injured blood vessels do not take loads well.
  • excess weight. More weight means more blood. The more blood circulates in the body, the more pressure it puts on the walls of the veins.
  • great physical activity. For example, this factor is associated with weightlifters. If you lift barbells or other weights regularly, you are more likely to develop varicose veins.
  • female. All studies have shown that women are more prone to vascular problems than men. Hormonal imbalances and increased pressure on the veins during pregnancy can contribute to this, for example.
  • age. As you age, your entire body weakens, including the walls of your veins. Therefore, in old age, limit the load on the container.
  • passive lifestyle. If you sit in one place for a long time without moving, then the blood circulation will deteriorate. Bleeding occurs. The pressure on the walls of the veins increases, causing the veins to dilate.

It turns out that some factors cannot be influenced, while others are quite possible. Right at the end, throwing all the power away.

How dangerous are untreated varicose veins?

Diagnosis of varicose veins in the legs

We know that we have discussed the complications of this disease. But since it's not just about your health, it's about life, we repeat - varicose veins can lead to death if left untreated.

What happens if varicose veins go untreated for weeks?

Most likely nothing to worry about. In such a short period of time, the disease will not cause harm. Therefore, it is not necessary to start treatment on the day symptoms appear. For example, if you notice a spider vein while on vacation, you don't need to interrupt it and go home. Be sure to see your doctor in your free time.

Even if surgery is required, don't be afraid. Using modern methods, your doctor will relieve your varicose veins quickly and painlessly.

We will now describe these processes in detail.

Modern methods of treating varicose veins

In the past, to get rid of varicose veins, surgery was performed that left visible marks on the body and could damage blood vessels.

But medicine doesn't stand still.

Phlebologists now use low-invasive treatments, including:

  1. intravascular laser coagulation. It is prescribed to dilate the vein to 10 mm. Helps in the treatment of trophic ulcers and vascular tumors. This process lasts no more than 40 minutes. It leaves no scars and does not cause pain.
  2. foam hardening. This method is used to treat vessels that are dilated by 10 mm or more. The doctor treats diseased veins with a special foam - that's how he glues the large blood vessels. The operation time does not exceed 20 minutes. It is completely safe and painless.
  3. venule resection. This procedure is used to treat varicose veins and veins 10-18 mm in diameter. It helps to eliminate edema and normalize blood flow. The operation time does not exceed one hour. After that, only bruises remained, which disappeared after two weeks.

What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

The one that the phlebologist will specify. He will make a diagnosis and choose a treatment to quickly relieve your diseased blood vessels. Just follow his instructions and wait for recovery.

Products useful for varicose veins

healthy food for varicose veins

Diet may be needed to prevent and slow vascular disease. If you want to forget about varicose veins - eat less flour and fatty foods. She put on weight. As you know, obesity can lead to increased pressure on the walls of your veins.

But what product works:

  • Olive or sunflower oil - these contain vitamin E. It improves the elasticity of blood vessels and helps them carry heavy loads.
  • Nuts, currants, rose hips—these products include vitamin P, which strengthens vein walls.
  • Any vegetables and vegetables - they are rich in fiber, vitamins and trace elements. Eat them every day and your blood vessels will get stronger.

We also recommend drinking at least 2 liters of fluids per day. You can use plain water, but natural juices are better. They thin the blood and reduce the likelihood of blood clots.

From exam to recovery - how to heal varicose veins

You decide to see a doctor. Of course, you don't have to suffer from leg cramps, cobwebs in your blood vessels, or other symptoms of varicose veins.

First, you will need a diagnosis of varicose veins by a phlebologist. Not only will he examine your legs and review your medical history, he will also perform an ultrasound of your varicose veins.

This research allows you to see any obstacles to blood movement in your blood vessels. Additionally, the doctor will evaluate the work of the vein valves. After that, he will make an accurate diagnosis.

Only complex treatments can help get rid of varicose veins. For example, you will get advice on compression stockings, diet and lifestyle changes. In the early stages of the disease, surgery is usually not required.

But if the disease has spread and the vein damage is too severe, then surgical intervention is essential. It's great that modern methods can get rid of varicose veins quickly and painlessly.

Even after surgery, you must strictly follow your doctor's instructions - wear compression stockings, watch your diet, and don't damage your blood vessels.

Doctors heal varicose veins quickly without scarring and pain

If you decide to consult a phlebologist, we recommend that you contact a specialist medical center that specializes in the treatment of varicose veins.

Phlebologists do not only work in medicine but also in research. Experts are developing their own inventions to help treat varicose veins. Their articles are regularly published in scientific journals.

In specialized clinics, only modern equipment is used:

  • Ultrasound systems help to study diseased vessels down to the smallest detail and make a diagnosis.
  • Ultrasound navigation improves the accuracy of intravenous therapy and prevents damage to healthy tissue.

Don't delay, contact a specialist as soon as you notice the first symptoms of varicose veins in your legs. Remember, it is much easier to heal in the early stages than in the later stages.

14.02.2022