How to Avoid Varicose Veins: Precautions

One in four people suffer from varicose veins, a disease that gradually affects more and more young people, which can be explained by the changing rhythm of modern life. Those at risk of developing this lesion can prevent this unpleasant process in advance, which will save a lot of treatment time and money.

Preventing varicose veins at home is not difficult: these measures can be applied by anyone, regardless of age, with minimal financial cost.

who is at risk

Varicose veins not only fill the legs with an unsightly appearance, but they also pose a real threat to human health. If the disease is left untreated, serious complications can occur, which in most cases can only be eliminated by surgery, such as the formation of blood clots in the veins. Properly implemented precautions can prevent all possible unpleasant consequences, as varicose veins do not happen by themselves.

Some people have an individual predisposition to develop varicose veins of the lower extremities. Genetics may be to blame, as this trait is often found in males and females that are related across generations. In addition, personal characteristics of lifestyle and body can also play a role. Risk factors include:

  1. female. Although men are equally susceptible to the disease as women, varicose veins are still more common in the weaker sex. This process is especially affected by pregnancy.
  2. A sedentary lifestyle. Most modern people prefer quieter types of recreational activities that do not require physical activity. However, to prevent varicose veins and other unpleasant conditions, active recreational activities should be preferred. Even an hour-and-a-half walk can do more to a weary person than watching a movie of the same length.
  3. Sedentary occupation. Most of the time, morbidity happens to those who are always in the same position while on duty. This includes office workers, truck drivers, salespeople, surgeons, and more.
  4. athlete. People whose legs are often under severe physical stress are more likely to develop varicose veins.
  5. old age. Many people have poor circulation as they age, especially in the presence of other cardiovascular diseases.
  6. overweight. The heavier the weight, the greater the load on the legs and the more tired they are.
Obesity and unhealthy food cause varicose veins

Precautions should be aimed primarily at people belonging to specific risk groups. However, anyone needs to take care of their health, and to avoid possible ailments, including varicose veins, it is advisable to reconsider your lifestyle and habits. Even for those who already have the disease, it is useful to adhere to preventive measures to stop unpleasant symptoms and reduce the risk of complications and recurrence after treatment.

Varicose vein prevention and treatment often go hand in hand, so doctors can offer similar advice to patients who already have the disease.

healthy lifestyle

The foundation of preventing any disease is a change to a healthy lifestyle. This will help get rid of existing pathologies, or at least alleviate them, as well as prevent many serious diseases. If you stick to all your goals, you'll soon feel better physically and mentally.

lose weight

The lower the body weight, the less tired the legs are and the faster the blood circulation. Due to the continuous compression of the lower extremities, the blood stasis and thickens, gradually forming varicose veins, and then complicated by thrombophlebitis.

Almost anyone, even the very obese, can lose extra pounds, with one rare exception being people with various medical conditions that don't allow them to diet or exercise. You can manage a small amount of excess weight yourself, but in advanced cases you will need expert help. Choosing the right diet requires contacting a nutritionist, and choosing an effective physical exercise method requires contacting a fitness coach.

reject bad habits

Smoking and drinking can damage the entire body, especially the circulatory system. It is especially harmful to regularly used tobacco products. Nicotine addiction causes the walls of blood vessels to thin and lose muscle tone, resulting in swollen veins in the legs of both women and men.

You can quit smoking, such as being overweight, on your own or with the help of a specialist. To date, there are some medicines, such as nicotine patches and chewing gum, that can help fight addiction. You can also contact the clinic or start taking special training.

other suggestion

If you're not overweight, you can still benefit from exercise as a preventative measure for varicose veins. You can go hiking, jogging, swimming or cycling. If symptoms of varicose veins are already present, intense physical exertion on the lower extremities should be avoided, for example, long-distance running should be given up.

All people with varicose vein tendencies are advised to rearrange their routine. Many people simply don't know how to relax and go all out to work and earn money, but this can eventually lead to serious health problems. Continued fatigue drains the body over time, and multiple ailments, including varicose veins, can occur simultaneously or one after the other. To prevent this from happening, try to go to bed at the same time, ideally at 8 o'clock.

In addition, women in daily life need to stop wearing high heels, the optimal height should be 5 cm, and it is not recommended to wear flat shoes frequently. This simple approach will avoid the appearance of spider veins and subsequent vein dilation.

During a water program, it is best to use cold or lukewarm water as a priority, or even better - contrast a shower. Also, if you have free time, you can soak your feet with a relaxing essential oil or soothing herbal soup. High temperatures for varicose veins in the legs are contraindicated, and this applies not only to tubs and showers, but also to tubs and saunas.

Sitting cross-legged is the cause of varicose veins

People who work sedentary for a long time should not cross their legs and need to sit up straight to relax their lower limbs. At the same time, it is recommended to get up every hour and a half and perform the simplest preventive exercises on the legs, such as rolling from the toes to the heels.

Appropriate clothing

For those who already have varicose veins or just tend to develop varicose veins, tight clothing around the legs and groin is not recommended. Prioritize what you will be comfortable with. Also note that the ingredients of the product 6 The fabric should be natural, not synthetic.

There is a special compression bra that helps keep your leg muscles in good shape and prevents varicose veins from forming and developing further. Such products are specially developed by medical companies for people with foot pain. You can buy compression stockings and other underwear at drugstores, but keep in mind that quality products will cost more, so you need to choose more carefully and avoid fakes.

There is also a male version of underwear that helps prevent varicose veins - compression socks, which are no different from ordinary ones in appearance.

Compression bras provide optimal pressure on the lower extremities, keeping the veins in the correct position and not allowing them to dilate. Due to contraindications, such products must be worn exactly as prescribed by a doctor. Underwear should be put on immediately after waking up, before waking up, and taken off before going to bed or before a drinking routine.


Since varicose veins cannot always be avoided with the help of simple preventive measures, in cases where the disease may appear quickly, medication can be used. They are divided into external preparations (ointments, creams, gels) and internal preparations (tablets, solutions, injections).

Any topical medication is best bought at a pharmacy, not a cosmetic store, as the medication will be more effective in the first case. Ointments, gels and creams are effective in cooling the skin, relieving swollen limbs, fatigue and heaviness, and eliminating spider veins. Among the invisible improvements, the strengthening of the vessel walls and the stimulation of normal blood circulation can be noted. In most cases, these medications are affordable and, if used correctly and regularly, can prevent varicose veins from developing.

Sometimes topical preparations are not enough, and oral preparations or injections are also required. In most cases, such measures are needed in the initial stages of varicose veins, but as a precaution in people who are susceptible to the disease, doctors may also prescribe medication. In most cases, prescription pills can normalize blood flow and strengthen blood vessel walls and muscle tone. The injection procedure is performed in a clinic only and there is a high chance of varicose veins appearing immediately.