varicose veins in men

Men develop varicose veins significantly less frequently than women. The occurrence of most diseases is caused by a genetic predisposition. The initiating factors for the appearance of the pathology are thought to be excessive physical exertion and abuse of alcoholic beverages.

Doctor examining male leg with varicose veins

Causes of Varicose Veins in Men

The following factors can cause varicose veins in men:

  • intense physical activity;
  • labor activities, including prolonged standing;
  • bad habits;
  • passive lifestyle;
  • high blood viscosity;
  • Cardiovascular disease;
  • being overweight;
  • Eat lots of meat products.

Symptoms depend on location

Manifestation of leg pathology depends on stage

Vascular network of varicose veins in men

During the initial stages of development, men experience the following symptoms of varicose veins:

  • heaviness of the lower limbs;
  • swelling after sleep;
  • Violation of skin sensitivity;
  • Appearance of the vascular network.

If the cause of varicose veins in men is not identified and the required treatment is not given, the disease progresses. In advanced stages, patients experience the following symptoms:

  • lower extremity pain syndrome;
  • severe swelling that doesn't go away after sleep;
  • varicose dermatitis;
  • Significant dilation and deformation of veins;
  • The skin darkens.

varicocele

The disease is dilation of the Ponzi plexus veins of the spermatic cord. Varicose veins in men have the following signs:

  • Scrotal asymmetry;
  • Pain syndrome, which increases during erection and exercise;
  • A grape-like structure is present on the vein, which can be detected by palpation.

hemorrhoids in men

Assign the following symptoms:

  • Rectal pain syndrome;
  • combustion;
  • Prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Digestive system varicose veins

Most esophageal venous disease is caused by liver disease. In this case, the patient complains of the following symptoms:

  • a lump behind the breastbone;
  • hard to swallow;
  • Heartburn;
  • sour belching;
  • Stool turns black.

Diagnostic measures

Ultrasound diagnosis of male varicose veins

If a man notices dilated veins in his legs, it is important to contact a medical facility immediately.

At the appointment, the doctor will ask how long ago the patient had unwanted symptoms and ask other questions that can help determine the cause of the disease.

Next, the doctor visually inspects and palpates the affected area. In summary, the patient's diagnosis was sent to the following examinations:

  • Doppler imaging;
  • Ultrasound procedures;
  • venography.

How is the treatment going?

Conservative treatment

If swelling of the veins is detected at the initial stage, the treatment of varicose veins is carried out with the help of drugs with a venous constriction effect. Thanks to these drugs, it is possible to narrow the lumen, restore the function of the closing valve, normalize the blood circulation and reduce its density. If the veins in the legs of a man are strongly distended, and the varicose veins are complicated by the presence of blood clots, antiplatelet drugs are prescribed to dissolve the blood clots. The most commonly used drug, which includes an active ingredient called heparin.

The correct drug and its duration of use can only be prescribed by a specialist who takes into account the stage of the disease process and the individual characteristics of the patient's body.

operation treatment

The first signs of varicose veins in men are often ignored, so strong representatives have gone to the hospital with large, swollen veins evident in the legs and feet. In this case, conservative treatment has practically no effect on the positive outcome of treatment, requiring surgical intervention. The following minimally invasive methods are considered the most effective:

  • Laser coagulation of blood vessels. During the procedure, the laser beam acts on the walls of the veins to help remove bruising.
  • phlebectomy. The surgeon removes the enlarged venous area.
  • Sclerotherapy. A special substance is injected into the affected vein to bind the blood vessels together.

folk remedies

If young men are diagnosed with the initial stages of the disease, they can turn to a therapist for prescription. However, doctors remind patients that folk remedies should only be used after consulting a specialist and in combination with traditional remedies. People's Most Popular Recipes:

  • Longevity flower. Crush the leaves of the plant and add the vodka. Store in a dark, warm place for 2 weeks. After preparation, apply the agent to the skin of the lower extremities 2 times a day. The duration of this treatment is at least 3 months.
  • sugar. The product is applied to the area where the vein is prominent, then wrapped in polyethylene on top and secured with a bandage. On the first day, compress for 2 hours, on the second day - 3 hours. It can then be used overnight. 3 weeks of treatment is recommended.
  • cabbage. Knock off a vegetable leaf, apply vegetable oil to one side, and apply to inflamed veins in the abdomen or other parts of the body. The top is secured with a bandage and left for a day. Preferably, 30 such operations are required.

Why are varicose veins dangerous?

Lower extremity thrombosis with varicose veins in men

Diseases affecting the veins of the lower extremities can cause the following consequences:

  • bleeding;
  • Thrombosis of superficial veins;
  • Deep vein thrombosis.

The most dangerous complication of varicose veins is pulmonary embolism. It occurs when a blood clot detaches from the vein wall blocking the pulmonary artery.

Doctors consider varicocele a harmless condition. Potency will not be affected. However, in exceptional cases, the disease can cause the following consequences:

  • disorders of spermatogenesis;
  • Infertility.

As for hemorrhoids, such complications cannot be ruled out:

Esophageal variceal bleeding in men
  • bleeding hemorrhoids;
  • infection, which leads to an inflammatory process;
  • Thrombosis or necrosis of hemorrhoids.

Overly dilated blood vessels in the esophagus can cause life-threatening bleeding.

If we are talking about esophageal varices in the male population, the worst consequence for doctors is that they will bleed.

Even small but systemic bleeding can cause anemia.

The possibility of massive bleeding causing acute blood loss cannot be ruled out. This condition usually ends in death.

prevention

To prevent diseases such as varicose veins in men, patients need to stop drinking and smoking. It is important to reduce the load on the lower body, including lifting heavy objects, standing for long periods of time, and strength exercises. Despite this rule, physical activity is still mandatory. Doctors recommend regular walks in the fresh air and visits to swimming pools. It is important to implement therapeutic physical exercise. A set of exercises must first be approved by an expert.

If a man's specific activity involves sedentary work, stand up and stretch from time to time, and stand alternately on heels and toes to help restore damaged blood circulation. When a person is prone to varicose veins, it is necessary to take varicose vein medication systematically for prevention. If symptoms of varicose veins develop, it is important not to delay seeing a doctor. Prompt visits to your doctor will allow you to diagnose the disease and treat it, which will make it possible to avoid the development of complications.

21.02.2022